Posted by:- Natalie Gray –
Hemp is a variety of the cannabis sativa plant species that are grown or cultivated particularly for the industrial uses of its derived products in its early discovery. In the modern age, it is one of the sources of medicinal products.
Furthermore, from autoflowering seeds, a dehydrated floral bud of cannabis plant is called marijuana. Hashish and Hashish-oils are the other extracts of it. There are three kinds of cannabis; most common variety of cannabis is ‘Cannabis Sativa’. These are usually tall, having few branches. These found in warm and low-terrain regions. ‘Cannabis Indica’ is short, bushy plant. It grows in cooler climate conditions and in highland. ‘Cannabis Ruderalis’ is also short plant. It grows in forests region of Europe and Central Asia. Product of Sativa provides smoker a head-high, while Indica provides body relaxation. This kind of plants requires less pesticides or herbicides because of their height, density, and shrubbery. This kind of plant is environmental-friendly. Sativa grows and matures rapidly as compared to other crops.
Hemp and its utility.
Hemp is a natural, long-lasting, as well as gentle fiber of cannabis plants. It is collected from the trail of Sativa kind of plants. These plants develop 15-20 feet in height. These types of plants do not have recreational value since it has small psychoactive compound levels.
Benefit of hemp seeds.
- We get milk from hemp seeds. These consist of all essential fatty acids, minerals, and vitamins. As a result, this is wonderful for health. Dairy/gluten products are not available in sativa seed milk. It is use as a substitute of milk.
- Oils derived from the cannabis seeds.
- Paper, cloth, and bio-fuels are deriving from it. Cloth made from hemp has better longevity.
- Hemp is useful for making ropes for industrial purpose.
Effect of Cannabis
However, the psychoactive outcomes of cannabis are biphasic in nature. Primary psychoactive effects are state of relaxation in lesser degree, because of its primary psychoactive compound, tetrahydrocannabinol. Abstract thought, contemplation, brooding, and fear are Secondary psychoactive effect. Finally, the tertiary psychoactive outcomes are (often reported) like an increase in heart rate, and stimulation of hunger. These are due to 11-Hydroxy- tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive metabolite of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These directly effects into the lever. It takes roughly three hours after a larger dose to reinstate the normal body condition after smoking. These can be smoked via glass-pipe, bong, or vaporizer. Nevertheless, if a large amount is taken orally, the effects may last longer time. Psychoactive effects may be there even for a day to a few days, depending on dosage, frequency, and ability to tolerate the substance. Product from the plant Cannabis Sativa leads to higher effect. It kindles hunger, as well as vigorous feeling. On contrary, the product of Cannabis Indica plant may result in trance-like experience called as stoned-impact. It is probably due to a higher Cannabidiol (CBD). However, Cannabidiol does not have psychotropic outcomes on its own. It occasionally exhibits little stimulant impact, much like caffeinated drinks.
Furthermore, when compared with both nicotine and alcoholic beverages, cannabis features a reduced rate of dependency. However, daily usage of cannabis can easily increase dependencies. Psychological drawback symptoms are observed, for example frustration, and insomnia. User can experience stress, panic and anxiety attack because of a rise of THC metabolites. However, any kind of withdrawal signs of cannabis are usually moderate. For information, presently two oral forms of cannabis are there. In the USA, cannabinoid is obtainable with approval of medical practitioners only for nausea/vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy. They are Dronabinol as Marinol and Nabilone named as Cesamet. Dronabinol is also approved to manage anorexia associated with AIDS.
Information as well as restrictions.
Cannabis is popular as marijuana too, prepared from dried flowers and subtending leaves & stems from a feminized seeds cannabis plant. It has 3% to 22% THC. It is illegal in the most countries to plow or even possess cannabis sativa. Four hundred various chemical substances can be extracted from cannabis plant. It includes no less than sixty additional cannabinoids, which can result ill effects in the body.
Sub products of Cannabis
This is a powdered compound full of trichomes. It is prepared from the leaves and flowers of cannabis plants. It can be consumed either in powdered form/compressed form. These cakes are known as hashish. Kief/ keef sometimes called kef/kif. This means “Well-being or Pleasure.” It is the resin, known as trichomes, accrued from cannabis. From loose, dried up, cannabis buds; it accumulates inside containers via a net or filter. Concentration of THC is high in kief. It is easy to store and to deliver. Kief is vaporized and inhaled in its powder form.
Hashish, hasheesh, hashisha, or simply hash. It is a resin in concentrated form. It is extracted from cannabis plant. It has strong effect than marijuana. User devour in either ways, through smoking or by chewing. Based on limpidness, shade differs from Dark to golden brown. It is a preparation of cannabis by compressing stalked resin known as trichomes. This is obtained from the buds, which are unfertilized, from the cannabis plants. It also contains THC but in much concentrated form, compared to unseparated buds or leaves. Hashish, a cake/paste-like substance, varies in hardness and malleability. Common color is light and dark brown. Other shades could vary towards green, yellow, black, or red. Hashish is blended with cannabis buds or tobacco then warmed and smoked. It is popularly smoked with glass-pipe/hookah/ bong/ bubbler/vaporizer/hot knife and or with joints.
It is popular as BHO (butane honey oil). Hash-Oil is actually a mixture of essential oils and resins. Mature cannabis plants are processed by mixing various solvents to extract resin. It contains higher percentage of cannabinoids i.e., 40% to 90%, THC may differ in between 70% to 90%. Hence, hash-oil is a highly concentrated product. It is usually used in variety of cannabis foods. Nevertheless, honey oil is a particular type of hash-oil produced from the more effective areas of the cannabis plant. Hash oil is conventionally a dark, sticky fluid. Hash oils can be consumed in various ways. Such as via smoking, vaporizing method, or may be orally. Evidence is there that Hash-oil too has anti-carcinogenic properties. Mind that it is classified as a schedule 1 controlled substance in the US Federal law. Hence, it is a crime to possess such kind of compound.
Consumption style of cannabis
Cannabis is consumed in different ways. Most common is smoking through pipes/bongs/paper-wrapped-joints or perhaps wrapped with tobacco leaf. Concentrates like tincture prepared from cannabis plant. This tincture is made from the buds/leaves/stems of the cannabis plant in presence of high-concentrated alcohol or glycerin. The THC is diluted with alcoholic spirit and forms highly potent dark green or brown liquid. It is usually dropped on tongue. It could be blended with different food items too. Whatsoever, the purpose is to offer cannabis compounds to the user. It is not used as like other alcoholic spirits.
Tolerance to the compound
Drug-Tolerance does not highlight the danger of the product; instead, these are study report from various sources for understanding of individual. Marijuana’s therapeutic benefits for to cure severe illnesses is proved. The recent breakthrough states that cannabinoids receptor system in the human brain demonstrates that use of marijuana does not have any dependency or perhaps addiction issue. Drugs that influence dopamine production are like heroine, alcohol, nicotine, produces addiction since the human brain is genetically adopted to adjust maximum dopamine production. This chemical procedure occurs in the striatum, the middle-brain part of the brain.
This part regulates different facets of motor nervous system and coordination of organs.
No direct effect
Compound of Marijuana exhibits the effects of the body— heart rate slightly changes, change in BP, hence body’s temperature changes. These are moderate effects and tolerance develops to those effects with familiarity and onset of regular use. It develops the depressant effects, particularly on motor coordination. However, threshold depends upon the quality and onset of use. The effect like nausea and vomiting are noticed as like nicotine, alcohol, or heroine consumption. Within the brain where cannabinoids impact most are Basal ganglia- causes movement, the cerebellum-causes body movement and coordination of organs, The hippocampus-causes stress control, memory and learning, the cerebral cortex-causes higher mental functions and the nucleus accumben, which is the response center of the human brain. Therefore, all the effects are noticed due to inhale of cannabis. Other part where it hits moderately would be the hypothalamus gland-regulates homeostatic functions, the amygdalin-emotional responses to fears, the spinal cord-peripheral sensations, the brain stem-responsible for sleep/arousal/movement control, the solitary tract-responsible for abdominal activities like nausea and vomiting. Therefore, these kinds of signs and symptoms are usual with the consumption of Marijuana/Cannabis.
Natalie Gray is a Biochemical Engineer. She works in the Research and Development team that focuses on the design and construction of unit processes. She is a recreational marijuana supporter and her love for organic chemistry brought her to medical cannabis. She grows her own flowers, working on different projects and study everything above and under cannabis roots.